CV or Resume?



The CV Versus the Resume


Although there are similarities between the structure of the resume and the structure of the curriculum vitae, it is important to recognize that they are separate documents to be used for different purposes. Your future employer may ask you to submit either of these documents or both of them, so an understanding of how they differ from one another is necessary.



Job Type


In the United States, it is common to submit a resume with most types of jobs. A curriculum vitae is often required for jobs that are academic or scholarly in nature, such as a teaching position at a university or a position that requires significant research by the employee. Some professional jobs outside of academia may require the submission of a CV. If the job description does not note the documents applicants should provide, it is advisable to ask the employer. Having a working draft of a CV and a resume is a great idea for those who are looking for a new job.



Information Included


There is a fair amount of overlap between the information provided in a resume and information provided in a CV. Both types of documents should include contact information, such as the applicant’s name, mailing address, phone number, and email address. Furthermore, your relevant work experiences and education should also be included in both the CV and resume. One of the major differences between the two is that the CV generally includes much more information than the resume. Your CV may contain a brief description of previous jobs as well as any awards or special achievements that are relevant to the job you are applying for. Since a CV is usually academically-oriented, it is appropriate to include conference presentations and publications. Most CVs also include a short use of references the potential employer can contact to learn more about the applicant. Keep in mind that the contact information for the references should also be included.





While a resume is generally a page or two in length, a CV is usually longer than two pages. Both documents should be effectively organized into lists, but the CV generally requires much more information. For example, a CV might contain additional qualifications, awards, and accomplishments. Although some of the information may overlap between the two documents, the CV provides a more thorough representation of the applicant and may include more descriptions than a resume. Furthermore, both documents have similar structures and should be meticulously organized so that they will look professional.



Job seekers will want to consider the differences between a resume and a CV while carrying out the application process. Although the two documents should have some overlap, the information provided in the CV is more extensive and thorough, especially in terms of academic pursuits and accomplishments. Examples of resumes and CVs in different job fields can be found by briefly searching online; a visual example of each type of example is particularly useful to individuals in the beginning stages of the application process.

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